Population and development are two topics that have for years plagued much of Latin America and the Caribbean.
Population and development issues
As of 2020 March, the population of Latin Americans was estimated at over 650 million. This rising number has become alarming and has quickly resulted in both economic and social hindrances.
Social development: Most Latin American countries were notable for their consistent social development growth in the early 80s and 90s. However, there has been a noteworthy reduction in that once steady growth in the past few decades. This is strange because when compared to their Asian counterpart, Latin America has long been developing, yet the Asian world has surpassed them. Social development has hindered more advancement in technology and education. Latin America still lacks in terms of social infrastructures and development.
The primary cause here is the cultural hold of Latin America; with more restrictions still being followed, human development is limited. The result of this is a detectable level of poverty and education. Poor understanding of fertility and the rise in child and maternal mortality. Poor health care, the decline in technological and industrial advancement and much more
Economic development: The economic presence and growth of Latin America are remarkable. For a sect of people, they have a thriving dominance in exportation. All countries within Latin America are either the major distributors or the top 20 major distributors and producers of several natural resources globally. Economically there is a lot of progress internationally, but Latin America has the largest gap between the poor and the rich. The GDP is low, and many nationals are left to work long hours for barely enough pay. This gap has led to oppression, inequality and crime. The rich control the market, and the poor contend with it. This difference and issue in the economic distribution have led to an overall decline in how quickly Latin America and the Caribbean can become developed countries.
Solutions to the issues arising from population and development
The alliance between these divisions and agencies targets analyzing, creating, and implementing potential solutions that can stimulate social and economic growth. Here are some answers;
Family planning: The growing population is due to a poor understanding of family planning; Latin American women have a very cultural sense of having a large family. Unfortunately, with the gap in wealth and the cultural need for women to be full-time homemakers, there is barely enough to take care of financial demands.
Empowerment and job creation: Poverty originates from a lack of charge and jobs. With this formed alliance, more job opportunities should be targeted. Latinos need not just jobs but good-paying jobs. This will improve their standard of living and also improve build each person. These jobs should be open to men and Latino women to keep them busy and open their minds beyond childbirth.
Urbanization: Urbanization and industrialization generally mean more job creation and overall development in technology and wealth.
Free education: Education for Latin Americans and Caribbean’s will first tackle cultural illiteracy and improve nationals’ personality. A prosperous country is one with educated citizens. Free education means they can learn more, and the more they know, the more they realize the importance of a developed country with a balanced population.
Better and free health care: Mortality rates are on the rise not because there are no adequate health care services but because many citizens are too poor to afford these health care services. If proper realize there is either a free or subsidized health care plan for them, they will be willing to abstain from self-medication.
Policies on wage regulation: A significant issue in Latin America is inequality in wealth distribution. This can only be sorted out with the right policies and implementations. Latin American and Caribbean countries need to regulate and ban underpaid jobs and overpaid jobs. A stable pay increases GDP, increasing wealth generation and reducing poverty.
Price regulations: Prices are set by demand and supply of paying customer’s, i.e. the masses. However, when the prices favour the wealthy over the groups, living standards become too high, and poverty comes in. To manage these policies and regulatory bodies need to manage and maintain price hikes. Essential commodities should fall within the confines of the minimum wage.
The effect of population and development on economic and exceptional growth goes too deep to root out in one day. The results are extensive, but it doesn’t mean a solution cannot be solved. The primary goal is to empower the people both educationally and financially to promote growth and development while reducing overpopulation and mortality rates.