Energy efficiency is a concept that has been firmly inserted into the public agenda in recent years. The main factors motivating this process have been the rising cost of fossil fuels, climate change and problems with the energy supply. If there is a sector in which this new energy and environmental situation represents an opportunity, that sector is transport. The impact of this sector on countries' energy consumption patterns and its weight in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and pollutants, place it at the heart of enormous transformations driven by this new reality. According to the report entitled "Transport, Energy and CO2 - Moving Toward Sustainability (IEA/OECD 2009)," transport represents about 19% of global energy consumption and 23% of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), and it is estimated that if immediate action is not taken, energy consumption and transport-related CO2 emissions should increase approximately 50% by 2030 and over 80% by 2050. In the particular case of road transport in developing countries, an increase of 2.8% per year is expected between now and 2030.
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